Create a company in Andorra
Andorra’s taxation is undoubtedly very attractive. For many investors and entrepreneurs it is the main reason for considering the formation of a company in Andorra. However, Andorra has other important advantages for companies and people who operate and live in the Principality, such as its digital infrastructure, its strategic location and, above all, its quality of life. These other advantages are key to consider Andorra not only for its competitive taxation but also for the benefits of establishing the place of effective management of your company. Creating real added value from Andorra with the effective residence of a member of the company’s board of directors, be it a director, partner or appointed director – with decision-making power – can make the difference between legal tax planning and a potential tax irregularity.
The benefits of creating a company in Andorra
Andorra has gone through many changes with regards to the company formation and their ownership. Foreign ownership of companies in Andorra used to be limited to 49% of the company’s capital. New reforms and the opening to foreign investment have brought fundamental changes to the old legislation. The country has transformed to be 100% open for foreign investment and ownership of local companies.
Reasons why to set up a company in Andorra
The advantages of forming your Andorran company make it one of the most attractive locations in Europe if not worldwide :
- 10% maximum corporate tax on profits
- 2% corporate tax on profits for companies involved in activities such as: – international management of intellectual property. This 2% reduced corporate tax model is subject to some minimum requirements.
- Tax-exempted status for certain holding companies with minimum participation % in foreign companies
- Andorra has Europe’s lowest value added tax (VAT / sales tax) at 4.5%
- Annual municipal, registry of commerce, government fees to maintain your company are typically around 800 EUR for ordinary company types
- Social security contributions for companies are 15.5%
We will introduce you to the Andorran tax jurisdiction and how your corporate or personal tax planning might fit. Andorra has gone through tremendous changes in the past decade to move away from a “tax haven” status to a transparent, modern and low tax jurisdiction. Those changes are continuing and will position Andorra among other jurisdictions such as Switzerland, Luxembourg or Cyprus. Contact us and we will be happy to get you to speak with one of our tax planning professionals in Andorra.
Entity models for company creation in Andorra
The following entity models exist for company formation in Andorra:
The SL “Societat Limitada”
a limited liability company with a minimum capital requirement of 3000 EUR.
The SA “Societat Anonima”
a corporation company model with a minimum capital requirement of 60.000 EUR.
The company must have a registered office and director (Administrador). There is no offshore entity model such as in other traditional “offshore jurisdictions”. Essentially all companies independently of their trading activities, client / provider location or ownership are treated as resident companies as there is no other model. Companies are expected to prepare annual reports as well as filing the tax declarations for VAT and corporate tax. Legal requirements in terms of documentation and process for the company formation are very similar to the Spanish system.
Steps to form an entity in Andorra
You can choose three different denominations in order of preference. The government confirms the name within 10 days.
Each shareholder / non-resident partner with more than 10% participation must request prior authorization of the foreign investment in an Andorran company. This process takes approximately 4 weeks.
A request to open a bank account with the documents required by the bank is presented. You must explain your activity, the origin of funds and present your profile with total transparency. You must estimate between a week and up to 2 weeks to have your account opening pre-authorized.
The statutes / articles of incorporation are formalized at an Andorran notary and the company is registered in the Andorran commercial trade registry.
The commercial authorization for an actively trading company must be requested. At this time you must have the address / domicile of your company, an electrical certificate of your office or premises (home offie) and a valid contract of a fire extinguisher at the address of your company
The company will have its tax code activated and registered with the social security.
The purchase of an already existing shelf company in Andorra may be an alternative to a new set up but it is not always the best option as we explain here in detail. You should analyze your priorities and especially the risks of a purchase of a company that has been constituted for many years.
Other benefits of incorporating in Andorra
Full video guide - How to form a company in Andorra
The total cost to set up a company in Andorra is between 5000 EUR and 6500 EUR. Costs are divided into fees for professional services and governmental / notary fees. We charge between 3000 EUR – 4000 EUR in professional fees for a typical company depending on various factors such as a company with or without commercial activity, number of shareholders, type of activity, etc. The government charges and notary charges add up to between 2000 to 2500 EUR depending on the capital and type of company.
You need to calculate between 7 to 12 weeks depending on the type of company, profile of the shareholders and time of the year. For example a holding for a Spanish shareholder future resident in Andorra may take 7 weeks while a non-European shareholder not planning to become a resident with a commercial activity requiring special authorization may take up to 15 weeks.
Technically you can be a non-resident shareholder and director of an Andorran entity. However banks and local government do require economical substance in terms of physical office space and human resources. This means that if you do not reside or plan to reside in Andorra in the short term you may need to consider a part-time or full-time employee to take run daily operations of the company. We strongly suggest to consider residency in Andorra for the director and / or shareholder of the company. From 2023, with a participation of more than 34% you may apply for residency. After all tax advantages for you as a shareholder or managing director are maximized with being a tax resident in Andorra.
You can buy an already existing company in Andorra, however time and money saved is not substantial. Any non-resident wishing to create a new or buy an existing company will need to go through the process of foreign investment authorisation. Change of shareholders and name need to be processed through a notary similar when you set up a new company. Finally bank accounts need to be opened again and the commercial authorization has to be done again when domicile and activity code changes. Additionally the current owner may ask you for a price to sell the company and due dilligence for outstanding debt is highly recommended. We recommend a new set up.
Government and banks in Andorra are subject to strict anti-money-laundering regulations and conduct a due dilligence. They will check your credentials and background.
– Criminal records legalized with the apostille of Den Hague. They are normally valid for a maximum of 3 months from the date of issue.
– Copy of your passport – legalized in Andorra or with the apostille
– Documents explaining your economical profile / income / qualifications for the company formation (CV, income statement etc.)